Design A New American Map Of Globalization


The heat on the American presidential election is on and learns how the states drive the social, economical and political system. America will be restructuring the regional infrastructure and the metro cluster that have been ignoring the national and state boundaries. Two problems have to be addressed. The infrastructure challenges have to be addressed. The issue is where and how the money is spent. Meanwhile, western European countries and Asia are moving toward a sound urban cluster backed by advanced industry. Tragically the American policy is stuck with the archaic political configuration of the 50 states.

The good news is America is headed in the director of Metropolis first system. But the states will not move in that direction. Both socially and economically the country is moving in the direction of regional and liberal metropolitan formations. This is grounded by the urban archipelagos and great cities that have their place in the global economic circles. From Boston till Washington is Northeastern megalopolis. It comprises of 50 million people constituting 20 percent of the GDP of America. These are the most important of American States, and the economic viability of these clusters are determined by the connective to these urban than which state they live in.

katzRemember America is not divided between the blue and red states but on the contrary between disconnected backwaters and connected hubs. Bruce Katz from the Brookings Institution says that among the 350 major metro areas in America, the cities with a population of three million people have bounced back successfully after the financial emergency. But smaller cities including Ohio, Dayton are finding it tough to re-bounce and are falling behind because of the number of disconnected little towns. The 50 state structures could mean that the resources from the federal and the state are concentrated in the capital city that is an isolated city by itself. In the end, smaller cities are disconnected from the national program and are turning into retirement hubs and immigrant colonies.

Bringing in a flexible and broader thinking is important. Initiatives are being taken in coordinating regional and metropolitan planning. There are quasi-government sections that are promoting the global economy. The present century will not see the war over territories but instead over connectivity. The only way to win this war of globalization will be to connect the American cities to maximize trade and increase investment flow improving supply chain demands. Only economic planning will determine if America will remain the superpower.

Video Replays Can Save A Referee’s Day


Referees always prefer a non-celebrity life and are always criticized about their exits at the stadiums in certain instances. The focus is on England’s Premier League with the Leicester City moving towards the championship with all the lights on the officials as on the Foxes having a 5 point lead with just four games to go to win the title. Most probably Leicester will cleanly complete the task, but the question remains if the sport is taking sufficient steps to help the referees. The last weeks event will be the final call to add video replays immediately.

ref 2Referee Jon Moss is considered to be a good official who send off Jaime Vardy of Leicester in a game with West Ham United but is yet to enter the elite category. Moss had to work in that match because top-rated English referees were on a workshop and will take part at the European Championships this summer. The question remains if even the best of English referees Martin Atkinson and Mark Clattenburg were on the field they would have experienced the same situation as Moss. If an official has a bad day, there is nothing can stop from coming under fire.

However, the video helped to understand the situation on the ground. Situations like the rejection of penalty appeals, yellow and a red card for diving to Vardy, Leicester penalty shot and more are some of the tough situations to handle for the referee. Video assistance could have made this easier. A video replay could put the official in the stronger and credible position no doubt.

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